Brooklyn History

Ungentrified: Brooklyn in the 1970s

The new Bowery Boys podcast that comes out this Friday will be about Brooklyn. So let’s get in the mood with some pre-Instagram tinted photography from the U.S. National Archives, most of them taken in 1974 by Danny Lyon. followed by some black and white images by Edmund V Gillon.

You might have seen many of these photographs before (perhaps even here on this blog), but it’s striking to revisit them in context of Brooklyn current gentrification patterns.

The homes of Brooklyn Heights began seeing the arrival of ‘bohemians’ as early as the 1910s, and brownstone revivalists (the so-called ‘pioneers’) discovered the neighborhood after World War II.

But a noticeable trend of Brooklyn gentrification happened in earnest in the late 1950s, with wealthy escapees from Manhattan (fending off the urge to suburbanize) moving into South Brooklyn brownstones and row houses and giving enclaves attractive new names like Boerum Hill, Cobble Hill and Carroll Gardens.

The most successful example occurred up on the park slope as a movement of urban activists and historical preservations refurbished and brought to life one of Brooklyn’s original Gold Coasts. Its official name became, of course, Park Slope.

While the ‘brownstone Brooklyn’ movement was well at hand in 1974-5 — the date of most of these photographs — much of the borough was still facing blight and deterioration then.  Most of the neighborhoods pictured below are today considered ‘hot’, trendy places with incredibly high rents.

DUMBO, a name invented in the late 1970s, Down Under the Manhattan Bridge Overpass.


The RKO Bushwick Theater, at the Bushwick/Bed-Stuy border.


Bushwick Avenue


Two pictures of Bond Street


Across from Lynch Park, near the Brooklyn Navy Yard


There’s no location listed in the caption but probably Park Slope?


Fort Greene, across from the park.

This is taken on Vanderbilt Avenue but I can’t ascertain exactly here. Perhaps today’s Prospect Heights area.


Images of the Fulton Ferry area in 1975 (courtesy the Brooklyn Historical Society)


And a couple images from the Museum of the City of New York archives, all from 1975, taken by Edmund V Gillon. You can find many more of astounding photographs here:

397 Dean Street, considered part of Park Slope today


Williamsburg, looking east on Broadway from Bedford Avenue and South 6th Street.


Boarded-up buildings and the Bedford Avenue façade of the Smith Building, 123 South 8th Street

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Clinton Hill: Row houses on the eastern side of Washington Avenue between Dekalb and Lafayette Avenues

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9 replies on “Ungentrified: Brooklyn in the 1970s”

I think the Vanderbilt photo is 638 Bergen Street – formerly the restaurant Beast. It had recently become a bakery (Spirited), but they were very quickly forced out by new building owners.

My White Collar Working Class Single Parent Mother at 41-41 51st Street, Bowne Towers Apartment, in the Woodside Neighborhood of the Borough of Queens in New York City, Queens County, New York State 11377, was Helped by My Blue Collar Working Class Godparents to Raise Me Growing Up at 26A 1st Street, 3rd Floor Apartment, in the Carroll Gardens Neighborhood of the Borough of Brooklyn in New York City, Kings County, New York State 11231 from 1958 to 1982.

It is so sad that these gentrified beautiful areas will once again be heading toward another downswing unless something is done about the rising crime rates, and homelessness in all of NYC. Park Slope and Brooklyn heights both started out as gorgeous neighborhoods….then went to heck in a hand basket, then rose again…up and down…up and down, many times. I guess what goes up must always come down.

Hahahahaha. The value of our townhouse on the Bushwick Bed-Stuy border just increased by 24% in the last 15 months. The price of rentals is skyrocketing. Tons of new construction is happening. There was a townhouse-sized lot (probably 16 ft wide, 20ft at most) a few blocks away in Bed Stuy that was for sale a few weeks ago for 1.1mil… all that while the city still gives us in the old redlined districts terrible services and schools.

Gentrification is happening too fast, not the other way around. I just thank god that the taxes are low on the old housing stock so some people can actually stay in their homes.

Furthermore, crime rates increasing doesn’t mean crime is high; this year it was still down massively from what it was in the 90’s. Remember, if you have 1 person shot one year and 2 the next, you have an increase of 200%, but that doesn’t mean that the likelihood of encountering gun violence for the individual has appreciably changed.

Upper middle class white people don’t understand that their money and their presence are not often a net positive. In reality, consistently throughout the world the wealth gap is directly tied to crime rates, so maybe instead of bemoaning how rich people might move away, we should be helping even the playing field for those at the bottom and taxing the wealthy appropriately in order to do so…

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